Are you searching for an air purifier for the office, whether for your home office or for the cubicle at work? Before you embark on purchasing an air purifier to improve your indoor air quality, you’ll need to understand what air purifiers can do, and their limitations so you can choose wisely. Air purifiers can easily range from moderately effective (when well maintained) to mostly ineffective – and at times the wrong air purifier can be outright dangerous for you and your family, particularly when utilized in a small enclosure.
Why You Should Consider an Air Purifier for the Office
According to a 2001 national survey by Klepeis et al., the average American spends over 87% of their time indoors, with a big portion of it being either at home, the office, or public buildings such as a school.
This is important to note because certain pollutants can be up to 5 times more polluted than outdoor air. Because of the lack of circulation and ventilation for fresh air in a typical home and office building, pathogens and polluting particles often rest and accumulate to levels that can pose real health and comfort problems. These pollutants include VOCs, allergens, mold, viruses, and bacteria.
Often, the best way to control indoor air quality is to actually eliminate the source of pollutants and ventilate the room with cleaner outdoor air – but what if you can’t simply open the window for your office cubicle; or perhaps your home does not circulate air well due to its floor plan; or maybe your apartment and small room simply doesn’t have enough windows for proper air ventilation? In this situation, most people will begin researching air cleaning devices such as an air purifier to address their indoor air quality problems.
Types of Air Purifier for Your Home or Office
|Air Cleaning Technologies||Pollutants Technology Targets||Overview, Potential Limits of Technology|
|Filtration Air Cleaners||Air filters (HEPA)||Viruses, bacteria, allergens, mold||Removes 99.7% of airborne particles with a size of .3 microns. Not effective against gasses so often paired with carbon filters.|
|Carbon Filters||VOCs||Carbon adsorbs airborne chemicals but can re-release trapped chemicals if the filter is not replaced.|
|Other Air Cleaners||Ionizers||VOCs, viruses, bacteria, allergens, molds||Ionizers charge particles to make them bunch together into larger particles that are easier to trap. They indirectly produce ozone, which is a lung irritant, and you should check that any ionizer device has testing showing the levels of ozone produced are not harmful to human health.|
|VOCs, viruses, bacteria, allergens, molds||The process uses a light-activated catalyst to safely oxidize organic pollutants.|
|VOCs, viruses, bacteria, allergens, molds||As the successor of PCO, PECO uses the same principle but works at a much faster rate to more efficiently break down pollutants in the air.|
|Ozone generators||Particles, gases, biological||Sometimes sold as air cleaners, these products produce ozone, a lung irritant that should be avoided.|
Above, you’ll find common types of air purifiers typically found on the market today that are readily available to purchase for residences and offices.
These days, you’ll often find air purifier manufacturers combine multiple technologies to address multiple types of pollutants in an attempt to create a “catch-all” product – but by doing this, they are also combining each technology’s potential flaws and limitations.
Most of these combination air cleaning units will come with a higher price tag and less portability as they will need to house multiple air cleaning technologies – giving the units added weight and bulk. This is something to keep in mind as it becomes more of a challenge to move the unit between rooms in your home.
Do Portable & Compact Air Purifiers Work for the Office?
With the various types of air purifying technologies available, there are also a variety of sizes and form factors that are made for specific room sizes (e.g. a small room or an office). Typically, you’ll find these type of air purifiers on the market:
- Compact: desk/table units
- Portable: able to move from room to room
- Console: large, bulky, cabinet-size units that aren’t mobile
There is a whole category of air purifiers that are made to be compact and portable – so you can use it on your desk or easily travel with it. Some compact air purifier units are even similar to air fresheners that can be plugged into an outlet of a room. Be mindful though that smaller air purifiers like office desk air purifiers are typically only suitable for smaller spaces.
Factors to Consider in Compact Air Purifier
Look for units that have filters with a good performance at PM10 / 2.5 reductions such as HEPA. Also look for units that have filters that are easy to change regularly – an important requirement for the purifier’s efficiency. Be aware that even true HEPA filters have limitations to the particles they can filter; they are particularly ineffective on VOCs unless paired with a carbon filter.
Avoid Ozone Generators and Ionizers
Some units are as cheap as $20 and easily plug into an outlet to ionize the surrounding air. The problem with this type of cleaning is that these pollutants end up resting on other surfaces, like your tabletop, file cabinets, and chairs. Many of these units also produce ozone, a harmful byproduct that is a known lung irritant.
While a lot of these units list their silent fan-less features as ideal for the office, the negative is that they have the potential to produce irritants in a small, enclosed space. In short, you should avoid both of these products. Learn more about air ionizer technology.
Caveats and Negatives of Portable Air Purifier Units
Note that even highly rated HEPA filter air purifiers will fail and create problems when they are not well maintained. For example, dirty filters can become a source for air contamination as fungal colonies build up in an unchanged filter, potentially releasing spores back into the room as the overloaded filter fails.
In regards to ionizer air purifiers, in a study on the effectiveness of air filters and air cleaners for allergic respiratory diseases by J.L. Sublett, the study found that ionic air cleaners actually yielded more submicrometer particles during these tests. This is due to the interaction of VOCs and the ozone produced by the ionizers. So instead of reducing contaminants in your office, you may end up with even more pollutants caused by ozone byproducts.
Because an effective air purifier that is filter-based requires you to draw a sufficient amount of indoor air of a room into the cleaning and filtering material – you will need to match the appropriate air purifier to their rated room size. Unfortunately, some manufacturers are entirely vague on their purifier’s rated capacity, so you should take extra care before making your purchase.
The Type of Air Purifier You Should Buy for Your Home and Office
Buying a portable air purifier involves steps of “matching your pollutant/issues” with potential solutions, then making a conscious decision to pick the room you want filtered clean – and finally being vigilant on actually replacing the filters of your purifier.
Here’s a summary of everything discussed above, and factors you should consider when choosing a home or office air purifier:
Units with true HEPA filter
The market tends to affix the word “HEPA-like” and “HEPA-type” marketing jargon onto every single air purifier. Consumers should ensure they are choosing units with true HEPA filters, with the realization of HEPA limitations regarding VOCs.
Avoid ionizers and ozone generators
These air purifiers produce ozone, a lung irritant. Some may claim smaller parts per billion of ozone being produced, but the tradeoff is the risk of ozone production.
Only use compact units in small spaces
Portable air purifiers might seem convenient, but might not move enough air to be effective. Be sure to check the room size rating of any purifier. Small, easy-to-carry purifiers are usually rated for 250 square feet or less, which is the size of a small bedroom. Large spaces require more air flow for clean air to reach the whole room.